How to Care for Your Japanese Black Pine Bonsai
The Japanese Black Pine bonsai requires full exposure to sunlight, so it could thrive well. With a good amount of sunlight each day, this bonsai tree specie can produce denser and shorter needle growth with less internal space. During autumn, it is important that excess needle growth is thinned, as this allows sunlight to penetrate well through the plant. In addition, you must make sure that your plant receives good air circulation to promote its excellent condition and resistance against fungi and pests that can impact its health.
It is essential to transplant Japanese Black Pine Bonsai at the early months of spring, or at the time you notice the buds are starting to swell. In most cases, this period may be between late February and mid-April, although it still depends on your area. Keep in mind that Black Pines require protection from frost after transplanting, so you should secure its location to make sure the temperature is conducive to its health.
The soil mixture that is suitable for Japanese Black Pines may be a wide variety of materials, although the most important thing is that the soil offers good drainage. Recommended soil mixes used by professionals include pine bark chips, haidite, fragmented granite, and turface. Moreover, the mixture should contain 75 percent aggregate materials and 25 percent organic component such as the pine bark.
Watering Your Bonsai
Black Pines are also known to withstand water much better than other species. These plants prefer to have moist roots most of the time, which is a sharp contrast to other pine varieties that do not prefer constantly moist soil. However, you should maintain the pot’s moisture level and never make it a habit of leaving the soil either soaking wet or completely dry. Hence, just make sure it receives the right amount of water to prevent drowning it.
According to bonsai specialists, young trees should be supplied with a general-purpose fertilizer that is high in nitrogen to promote its rapid growth. On the other hand, mature bonsai trees need a slow-release organic fertilizer that has lower nitrogen content. During spring, Black Pines bonsai should be fertilized at lease twice a month. Before winter comes, you may have to use a fertilizer that is low in nitrogen and high in phosphorus to help the plant store energy in preparation to the colder months.
Before you begin cultivating and training the Japanese Black Pine, you should understand that this plant specie is prone to insects that may infest your other trees. Mealy bugs, borers, saw flies and aphids are common pests that attack all pine varieties. In fact, the Needle Cast is the most typical pine infection, which causes the browning of the tips of the plant’s needles. The best way to solve this issue is by using fungicides, yet it is unlikely to restore the color of its needle. Thus, you should place your plant on a regular spraying program, so you can protect it from pests and avoid serious infections that may damage it.